Psoriasis, its types and trigger factors

Psoriasis is chronic, non-infectious, inflammatory auto-immune disease. Psoriasis is fundamentally a defective inflammatory response. 

In layman’s language, it speeds up the formation of skin cells, leading to formation of rapid cells over skin which are red, itchy or sometimes painful. So, basically we have to stop skin cells from growing so rapidly.

It affects nearly 3% of world’s total population.

Symptoms and signs :

Psoriasis signs and indications are diverse for everybody. Basic signs and manifestations include:

  • Red patches of skin secured with thick, gleaming scales
  • Little scaling spots (usually found in kids)
  • Dry, broke skin that may bleed
  • Tingling, burning or soreness
  • Thickened, hollowed or furrowed nails
  • Swollen and hardened joints

Types of Psoriasis

  • Plague psoriasis – It is the commonest form of psoriasis. It causes dry, raised, red skin lesions covered with silvery scales. It itches and are sometimes painful. It can occur anywhere on the body including soft tissues inside the mouth.
  • Scalp psoriasis – It appears as red, itchy with silver white scales on scalp.
  • Guttate psoriasis – This sort basically influences youthful grown-ups and youngsters. It’s typically activated by a bacterial contamination, for example, strep throat. It’s set apart by little, water-drop-molded, scaling injuries on your trunk, arms, legs and scalp. The lesions are covered by a fine scale and aren’t as thick as typical plaques are. 
  • Inverse psoriasis – This basically influences the skin in the armpits, in the crotch, under the bosoms and around the private parts. It causes smooth patches of red, excited skin that decline with contact and perspiring. Fungal diseases may trigger this kind of psoriasis.
  • Nail psoriasis – It affects fingernails, toenails, causing pitting, abnormal nail growth and discoloration. In severe cases, nails are crumbled.
  • Pustular psoriasis – As the name suggests, this type of psoriasis develops quickly, with pus-filled blisters appearing just hours after your skin becomes red and tender. The blisters may come and go frequently. Generalized pustular psoriasis can also cause fever, chills, severe itching and diarrhea.
  • Erythrodermic psoriasis – The least common type of psoriasis, erythrodermic psoriasis can cover your entire body with a red, peeling rash that can itch or burn intensely.
Types of psoriasis

Factors that may trigger psoriasis

The etiology of psoriasis is still not known, though it is thought to be related to an immune system problem. Normally, T-cell fight off foreign substances (virus or bacteria), however, in psoriasis, the T-cells attacks healthy skin. Certain trigger factors are noticed such as –

  • Infections (streptococcal throat)
  • Smoking
  • Heavy alcohol consumption
  • Stress
  • Certain medications (anti-malarial drugs, lithium based drugs)

Complications

Several other diseases have been associated with psoriasis including diabetes, arthritis and heart related diseases.

  • Type 2 diabetes -The danger of type 2 diabetes ascends in individuals with psoriasis. The more serious the psoriasis, the more prominent the probability of type 2 diabetes.
  • Psoriatic arthritis – This complication of psoriasis can cause joint harm and lost capacity in certain joints, which can be incapacitating.
  • High blood pressure – The chances of having hypertension are higher for individuals with psoriasis.
  • Cardiovascular disease -For individuals with psoriasis, the danger of cardiovascular infection is twice as high all things considered for those without the ailment.
  • Eye disorders – Certain eye disorders , such as conjunctivitis, blepharitis and uveitis are commonly seen in people with psoriasis.
  • Metabolic disorder – It includes high elevated insulin levels, abnormal cholesterol levels
  • Obesity – It can cause rapid weight gain too.
  • Autoimmune diseases – Celiac disease, sclerosis and the inflammatory bowel disease called Crohn’s disease are bound to happen in individuals with psoriasis.
  • Kidney disease – Moderate to severe psoriasis has been has been connected to a higher danger of kidney illness.
  • Emotional – Psoriasis is related with low confidence and depression. You may likewise pull back socially.

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